Kashmir Tourist Places
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Srinagar

Located in the center of the Kashmir valley, the district of Srinagar towers at a height of 1,730 m above sea level. King Pravarasena-II founded the Srinagar city over 2000years ago. The Chinese traveler Hiuen Tsang, who visited Kashmir in 631AD, found Srinagar at the same place where it stands today. The rule of Hindu kings in Kashmir ended in 1339, with the last ruler being Laltaditya Muktapida. From 1420-1470, the valley came under the rule of King Zain-ul-Abidin, popularly known as Budshah. Some time later, Mughal Emperor Akbar annexed Srinagar and included it in his ownterritory. Come and explore some more fascinating aspects of Srinagar with us

It was during the rule of Akbar only that the district got the striking mosques and gardens that it now proudly boasts of. The last one of the Muslim rulers of Srinagar was overthrown by the Sikhs, under the rule of Maharaja Ranjit Singh in the year 1819. With time, the rule of the Sikhs ended and the Dogras gained the control of Kashmir from the British under the Treaty of Amritsar. After India became independent in the year 1947, the state of Jammu and Kashmir became a part of the Indian Union, with Srinagar as its capital. Since then Srinagar has been a prominent destination on the tourist map of India.

The district of Srinagar is situated on either sides of the Jhelum River, making its locales picturesque and beautiful. The major attractions of Srinagar travel include Dal Lake and Nagin Lake. Most of the houseboats (Shikaras) in Kashmir will be seen in these lakes only. The Mughal Gardens set up by various rulers of the Mughal dynasty further enhance the beauty of Srinagar. Other major draws of Srinagar are water sports activities, handcrafted souvenirs, amazing resort nearby etc.


The Major Fascinating Sights at Srinagar


Dal LakeDal Lake : The Dal is famous not only for its beauty, but for its vibrancy, because it sustains within its Dal Lake periphery, a life that is unique anywhere in the world. The houseboat and Shikaras communities have lived for centuries on the Dal, and so complete is their infrastructure on the lake, that they never have to step on land! Doctors, tailors, bakers- one can see them all in tiny wooden shops on the lake, near picturesque vegetable gardens and acres of lotus gardens.

Nagin Lake: Nagin Lake, which is usually thought of as a separate lake, is also divided from Dal Lake only by a causeway. The causeways are mostly suitable for walkers and bicycles only so they make a very pleasant way of seeing the lake without having to worry about traffic or Shikaras.The main causeway across the lake carries the water pipeline for Srinagar's mains water supply.


tulip gardenTulip Garden : Tulip flowers are one of the most beautiful flowers available on Earth. It is been said that the Tulip flower is first found in Iran, and is the national flower of Iran. After Rose and Dalia, Tulip is the flower with more demand in the world. The Tulip garden present in Srinagar, the capital of Jammu and Kashmir, India, covers over 75 acres. These flowers are grown in Sirag garden near Dal Lake in Srinagar. 4tulip garden00men are worked for this Tulip garden to blossom. Here the Tulip flowers are grown in a series of rows, each row with a different color of Tulips. In this Tulip garden of Srinagar, total sums of 12 lakh Tulip flowers are present, with the Tulip flowers in 60 different colors. Except in black and blue, Tulip flowers are available in all other colors. The Tulip flower can hold its freshness for 7 days. A very large landscape covered with thousands of beautiful and colorful flowers arranged in a row is a great view. It is attracting many tourists every year with its beauty and the tourists who entered the garden cannot leave the beautiful scene so easily. This Tulip garden of Srinagar is Asia's largest garden and the second largest in the World.

Hazaratbal Mosque: Across the Dal from Shalimar is the mosque of Hazratbal, the only one of its kind architecturally in Kashmir. Made of white marble with adome and a minaret, Hazratbal is the repository of a single hair of the Prophet Mohammed, exhibited to the public on certain days of the year.

Mughal Gardens

Exquisitely laid out lawns, cascading fountains, bright flower beds, surrounded bythe panorama of Dal lake in front of them, the gardens in Kashmir are astoundingly beautiful. The unity and harmony of design; innovative use of the site and plantings and the diverse mixture of colors, textures and plants impart a sense of ecstasy to the viewer. The Mughal gardens of Shalimar, Nishat, Chashmeshahi and others like Pari Mahal and Harwanare like perfectly carved lawns with stepped terraces and flowing watercourses.


Shalimar Bagh


Emperor Jehangir got the Shalimar Garden built for his wife Nur Jahan in 1616. A second garden Faiz Baksh, (The Bountiful) was added to it later during the reign of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan (1628-1658). Covering an area of approximately 539 m by 182 m, the Shalimar garden offers an amazing view over the other gardens, lakes and shallow terraces. Also known as the "garden of love", the Shalimar Mughal Gardens has four terraces, rising one above the other. The fourth terrace of the garden was, at one point of time, reserved for royal ladies. There is also a canal lined with polished stones running through the center of the Shalimar Bagh. The canal is responsible for supplying water to the garden from Harwan.

The top terrace of the Shalimar garden was reserved for the Mughal Emperor and the royal ladies of the court. In fact, the top terrace was the most wonderful one out of all the terraces. The terrace has a tank with a black stone pavilion in its middle. The pavilion, which once served as a banquet hall, is supported by fluted pillars made up of black marble. Other attractions of the Shalimar Bagh of Kashmir include a number of fountains, shaded trees and innumerable varieties of flowers that blossom in spring and autumn. Last but not the least, a light and sound show organized in the garden every evening, during the period of May to October, is simply superb.

Nishat Bagh

Nishat garden is the largest one of the Mughal gardens in Kashmir. It is situated on the banks of the picturesque Dal Lake. Also known as "the garden of bliss", the Nishat gardens have the Zabarwan Mountains forming its backdrop. Asaf Khan, the brother of Nur Jahan, designed the Kashmir Nishat Bagh in 1633 AD. Within the garden are ruins of some of the buildings dating back to the Mughal period. One of them is a double story pavilion enclosed on two sides with latticed windows. There is also a small spring behind the garden, known as Gopi Tirth. It is a source of supply of crystal clear water to the garden.
Nishat Bagh of Kashmir, India, offers a splendid view of the Dal Lake as well as the snow capped Pir Panjal mountain range. The garden has terraces, each representing a different Zodiac sign. There is also a beautiful water channel flowing right in the middle of the garden. Other attractions of the Nishat garden of Kashmir include its blooming flowerbeds, trees, fountains, etc. You can also take a shikara ride at the Nehru Park from the garden. A famous picnic spot, Nishat Bagh also offers shopping facilities to its visitors. There are a number of shopping stalls situated opposite the garden

Chasma Shahi

Chashmashahi is the smallest of the three Mughal gardens of Kashmir. Meaning Royal Spring, this garden measures 108 m by 38 m and is above the Nehru Memorial Park. Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan set up the Kashmir Chashma Shahi Mughal Gardens in 1632 AD. The garden is quite famous for spring of energizing digestive mineral water inside it. Chasma Shahi Garden of Kashmir, India, offers a striking view of the scenic Dal Lake and the neighboring mountains. The garden has a number of terraces, with several fountains built right through its center.

Apart from the three terraces and fountains, the other attractions of Chashmashahi include an aqueduct and some waterfalls. The water for the fountains comes from the spring. This water then goes through the floor of the pavilion and falls over to the lower terrace, over a polished black stone chute. Also, a number of fruits, flowers and chinar trees grow in the garden, adding to its appeal. Near the garden is a small shrine, the Chasma Sahibi with a fresh water spring. The Chashmashahi garden is amongst the few others that charge an entrance fee. Recently, a number of extensions were made to the garden.

Pari Mahal

PariMahal, a Buddhist monastery at one time, it was converted into a school of astrology by Dara Shikoh, Mughal Emperor Shah Jehan's eldest son.Pari Mahal gardens are now exclusively maintained by the state government. Built around a small spring, they house exotic flowering plants laid out in terraces surmounted by the ruined arches of a once beautiful building. Pari Mahal is illuminated at night, and can be seen, located on the on the spur of a hill, most places in Srinagar.

Harwan

Harwan Garden is situated in the district of in Srinagar. A beautiful and massive garden, Harwan is a popular picnic spot. A beautiful canal, fed from a lake just behind the garden, passes through its center. The canal is bordered with blossoming flowerbeds and chinar trees. Kashmir Harwan Garden does not have the usual terraces, artificial fountains, etc, like the other gardens of Kashmir. It has been deliberately kept devoid of these man-made things. The main attraction of the Harwan garden of Kashmir, India, is its natural beauty that is present in plenty. The big lawns, carpeted with green grass, draw people automatically towards this place. An ideal spot for picnics and excursions, Harwan is the perfect place to take long walks in the lap of nature. It also serves as a take-off point for visiting Dachi Gam Wild life sanctuary and a starting point of a Mahadev Mountain trek.

Wild Life in Kashmir [Dachigam National Park]


Introduction :

To add to the fabled beauty of Jammu and Kashmir, is the Dachigam National Park, unenviable beautiful place, a place that will time and again make you regret the fact that you cannot visit the place as often as you would wish to. The wild cherry, apricot, pear, plum, peach and apple trees infill bloom that populate the park makes it one of the most beautiful wildlife sanctuaries in the country. The park is by itself to breath-taking beautiful that, you hardly have time to think of what wildlife you came across or did not.

The Dachigam National Park has been a protected area since 1910, first under the care and patronage of the Maharaja of J & K and later under the observation of the concerned government authorities. The name of the park literally means "ten villages" probably in memory of the ten villages that were relocated for the formation of the park. It was finally declared a National Park in the year 1981. Although the Dachigam National Park is the last proper home of the Hangul, or Kashmir Stag, and harbors many rare species within its borders, it was initially created to ensure clean drinking water supply for the city of Srinagar.

Dachigam National Park- Wildlife

Himalayan black bears, Thick-coated grey langur's brown bears and leopard cats can be occasionally seen. The avian population is also delightful wandflowers carpeting the upper meadows are spectacular, especially the blue poppy.



Hotels in Srinagar


Hotel  Grand Mumtaz